Arduino IDE for ESP8266
Arduino-compatible IDE with ESP8266 support
This project brings support for ESP8266 chip to the Arduino environment. ESP8266WiFi library bundled with this project has the same interface as the WiFi Shield library, making it easy to re-use existing code and libraries.
Basic Wiring functions
digitalWrite work as usual.
Pin numbers correspond directly to the esp8266 GPIO pin numbers. To read GPIO2, call
GPIO0-GPIO15 can be
OUTPUT_OPEN_DRAIN. GPIO16 can be
analogRead(0) reads the value of the ADC channel connected to the TOUT pin.
Pin interrupts are supported through
detachInterrupt functions. Interrupts may be attached to any GPIO pin, except GPIO16. Standard Arduino interrupt types are supported:
Timing and delays
micros return the number of milliseconds and microseconds elapsed after reset, respectively.
delay pauses the sketch for a given number of milliseconds and allows WiFi and TCP/IP tasks to run.
delayMicroseconds pauses for a given number of microseconds.
Remember that there is a lot of code that needs to run on the chip besides the sketch when WiFi is connected. WiFi and TCP/IP libraries get a chance to handle any pending events each time the
loop()function completes, OR when
delay(...) is called. If you have a loop somewhere in your sketch that takes a lot of time (>50ms) without calling
delay(), you might consider adding a call to delay function to keep the WiFi stack running smoothly.
There is also a
yield() function which is equivalent to
delay(0). The delayMicroseconds function, on the other hand, does not yield to other tasks, so using it for delays more than 20 milliseconds is not recommended.
Serial object works much the same way as on a regular Arduino. Apart from hardware FIFO (128 bytes for TX and RX) HardwareSerial has additional 256-byte TX and RX buffers. Both transmit and receive is interrupt-driven. Write and read functions only block the sketch execution when the respective FIFO/buffers are full/empty.
Only 8n1 mode is supported right now.
By default the diagnostic output from WiFi libraries is disabled when you call
Serial.begin. To enable debug output again, call
This is mostly similar to WiFi shield library. Differences include:
WiFi.mode(m): set mode to
WiFi.softAP(ssid)to set up an open network
WiFi.softAP(ssid, passphrase)to set up a WPA2-PSK network
WiFi.macAddress(mac)is for STA,
WiFi.softAPmacAddress(mac)is for AP.
WiFi.localIP()is for STA,
WiFi.softAPIP()is for AP.
WiFi.printDiag(Serial);will print out some diagnostic info
WiFiServer, WiFiClient, and WiFiUDP behave mostly the same way as with WiFi shield library. Three samples are provided for this library.
Library for calling functions repeatedly with a certain period. Two examples included.
This is a bit different from standard EEPROM class. You need to call
EEPROM.begin(size) before you start reading or writing, size being the number of bytes you want to use. Size can be anywhere between 4 and 4096 bytes.
EEPROM.write does not write to flash immediately, instead you must call
EEPROM.commit() whenever you wish to save changes to flash.
EEPROM.end() will also commit, and will release the RAM copy of EEPROM contents.
Three examples included.
I2C (Wire library)
Only master mode works, and
Wire.setClock has not been verified to give exactly correct frequency. Before using I2C, pins for SDA and SCL need to be set by calling
Wire.pins(int sda, int scl), i.e.
Wire.pins(0, 2); on ESP-01.
OneWire (from https://www.pjrc.com/teensy/td_libs_OneWire.html)
Library was adapted to work with ESP8266 by including register definitions into OneWire.h Note that if you have OneWire library in your Arduino/libraries folder, it will be used instead of the one that comes with the Arduino IDE (this one).
mDNS responder (ESP8266mDNS library)
Allows the sketch to respond to multicast DNS queries for domain names like “foo.local”. See attached example and library README file for details.
Libraries that don’t rely on low-level access to AVR registers should work well. Here are a few libraries that were verified to work:
- PubSubClient MQTT library – sample
- DHT11 – initialize DHT as follows:
DHT dht(DHTPIN, DHTTYPE, 15);
Upload via serial port
Select “esptool” as a programmer, and pick the correct serial port. You need to put ESP8266 into bootloader mode before uploading code (pull GPIO0 low and toggle power).
Things not done yet
- analogWrite (PWM). ESP8266 has only one hardware PWM source. It is not yet clear how to use it with analogWrite API. Software PWM is also an option, but apparently it causes issues with WiFi connectivity.
- SPI. HSPI and bit-banging are two interfaces that will be supported.
- I2C slave mode
- Serial modes other than 8n1
- WiFi.RSSI. SDK doesn’t seem to have an API to get RSSI for the current network. So far the only way to obtain RSSI is to disconnect, perform a scan, and get the RSSI value from there.
- Upload sketches via WiFi. Conceptually and technically simple, but need to figure out how to provide the best UX for this feature.
- Samples for all the libraries